The Swiss Coordination Unit against the Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants (KSMM) and its Permanent Secretariat
Measures against human trafficking and migrant smuggling comprise three key areas: prevention, victim protection and law enforcement. The responsibility for these areas lies partly with the cantons and partly with the federal authorities. International organisations and non-governmental organisations also provide support in fighting this form of crime.
KSMM provides the structures and fosters the networking necessary for fighting human trafficking and migrant smuggling effectively, ensuring that procedures throughout Switzerland are coordinated. The Unit also develops strategies and measures to combat this form of crime.
Thus KSMM is committed to implementing the recommendations from the Report of the Interdepartmental Working Groups "Human Trafficking in Switzerland" and the two supplementary protocols to the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.
The authorities and organisations involved in fighting human trafficking and migrant smuggling are joined in the KSMM. The Unit comprises the Steering Committee, a Permanent Secretariat at the Federal Office of Police, as well as expert and working groups that function as an information platform and carry out projects.
The Steering Committee formulates the basic principles of fighting human trafficking and migrant smuggling and determines priorities in a national action plan.
The Permanent Secretariat at the Federal Office of Police is the central contact office for inquiries from Switzerland and abroad on human trafficking and migrant smuggling. The Secretariat ensures the flow of information between all KSMM members, co-ordinates the participation of federal authorities in national and international committees and provides support in public relations work. It compiles and co-ordinates analyses, statements and reports.
Under the leadership of the Permanent Secretariat, the expert groups on human trafficking and migrant smuggling and other special working groups develop instruments and measures for fighting human trafficking and migrant smuggling more efficiently. They also exchange information for the purpose of developing plans and strategies that serve as a basis for the political decision-making process.
KSMM’s tasks are strategic rather than operational. Its work aims at improving the basis for combating human trafficking and migrant smuggling in Switzerland. Thus, the Unit is not involved in criminal proceedings or investigations. This is the task of the Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling Section of the Federal Criminal Police, which provides support to the cantonal prosecution authorities in their investigations.
Members of the KSMM
- Human Security Division, FDFA
- Directorate of Public International Law, FDFA
- Swiss Agency for Developement and Cooperation (SDC)
- Swiss Border Guard Corps (SBG), FDF
- Office of the Attorney General of Switzerland (OAG)
- State Secretariat for Migration (SEM), FDJP
- Federal Office of Justice (FOJ), FDJP
- Federal Office of Police (fedpol), FDJP
- State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO), EAER
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